Lesson Plan: Fractions

Print Friendly

 

 

Unit Goal

The learner will learn about fractions of shapes.

Unit Objective

  • The learner will make equal parts of a whole

  • The learner will describe Equal parts of whole objects

  • The learner will make halves and fourths of circles and rectangles

  • The learner will describe fractional parts of a given picture in word (one fourth) and fraction forms (¼)
  • The learner will complete a constructive response activity in which they have to partition a cookie or pizza into halves or fourths and explain how it would be shared with them and others.

Background and Rationale

  1. The key concepts for the lesson- This lesson will teach students about partitioning circles, squares, and rectangles into halves and fourths.

  2. How this lesson builds on and connects with previous lessons- Students have previously learned how to identify equal and unequal shares. In this lesson students will partition circles, squares, and rectangles into equal shares of halves and fourths.

  3. How you will build on this lesson in subsequent lessons- In subsequent lessons students will analyze fractional parts and learn that the larger the denominator the smaller the fractional part (portion)

If applicable, how will you provide differentiated activities and assessments for learners with varying abilities, experiences, etc.?]- Below level (refine) students will sort fractional pictures into halves and fourths and equal and unequal shares.  On level (reinforce) students will partition shapes into equal halves and fourths using horizontal, vertical, and diagonal lines.  Above level (extend) students will color and label fractional parts as one half, two halves, one fourth, two fourths, three fourths, and four fourths.  They will also define equivalent fractions two fourths is the same as one half; two halves and four fourths are the same as one whole.

Lesson Objectives

Objective

Bloom’s Verb

 The learner will make equal parts of a whole.

 Creating
 The learner will describe equal parts of whole objects.  Analyzing

 The learner will make halves and fourths of circles and rectangles.

Creating

The learner will describe fractional parts of a given picture in word (one fourth) and fraction forms (¼).

Understanding
 The learner will complete a constructive response activity in which they have to partition a cookie or pizza into halves or fourths and explain how it would be shared with them and others. Evaluating

Bloom’s Taxonomy

creating, analyzing, evaluating, applying, and understanding

Curriculum Standards

Partition circles and rectangles into two and four equal shares, describe the shares using the words halves, fourths, and quarters, and use the phrases half of, fourth of, and quarter of. Describe the whole as two of, or four of the shares. Understand for these examples that decomposing into more equal shares creates smaller shares.

Technology Integration (ISTE Standards):

Critical Thinking, problem solving and decision making

Students use critical thinking skills to plan and conduct research, manage projects, solve problems, and make informed decisions using appropriate digital tools and resources.

  • Identify and define authentic problems and significant questions for investigation

Learning and Innovation Skills (P21.org)

Reason Effectively

  • Use various types of reasoning (inductive, deductive, etc.) as appropriate to the situation

Make Judgments and Decisions

  • Effectively analyze and evaluate evidence, arguments, claims and beliefs

  • Analyze and evaluate major alternative points of view

  • Interpret information and draw conclusions based on the best analysis

Life and Career Skills (P21.org)

Work Independently

  • Monitor, define, prioritize and complete tasks without direct oversight

Information, Media, and Technology Skills (P21.org)

Access and Evaluate Information

  • Access information efficiently (time) and effectively (sources)

  • Evaluate information critically and competently

Materials

  • vocabulary words and definition cards for -halves, fourths, partition, and equal parts

  • fraction pictures to sort as halves and fourths for refine activity

  • circles, squares, and rectangles worksheet to partition for reinforce activity
Screen Shot 2015-04-15 at 7.24.10 AM

Click on the image to access the notebook

 

  • fraction pictures to color as one half, two halves, one fourth, two fourths, three fourths, and four fourths
Screen Shot 2015-04-15 at 6.59.08 AM

Click on the image to download

 

  • Pizza Puzzle to Partition
Screen Shot 2015-04-15 at 6.56.08 AM

Click on the image to download

 

  • constructive response performance activity- pizza or cookie share

Screen Shot 2015-04-15 at 7.25.52 AM

Click on the image to access the activity

 

  • fraction cards to match-picture to word to fraction
Screen Shot 2015-04-15 at 7.09.22 AM

Click on the image to download

 

  • Powerpoint – Whole, Halves, and Quarters

Screen Shot 2015-04-15 at 7.03.07 AM

 

 

 

Interactive Games:

Screen Shot 2015-04-15 at 7.27.14 AM

Click on the image to access the game

 

Screen Shot 2015-04-15 at 7.28.22 AM

Click on the image to access the game

 

Screen Shot 2015-04-15 at 7.29.47 AM

Click on the image to access the game

 

Screen Shot 2015-04-15 at 7.31.05 AM

Click on the image to access the game

 

Thinking Routine

What Makes You Say That?

 

Lesson Introduction

Show students a pizza puzzle that has been partitioned into different shares (sizes).  Then give students different shares and review equal and unequal parts of a whole.

Lesson Procedures and Activities

  1. The teacher will introduce lesson vocabulary. (5 minutes)

  2. The student will write, define, and illustrate each vocabulary word in his/her math notebook. (10 minutes)

  3. The students and teacher will go around the school and take pictures of circles, squares, and rectangles and upload them on a Google slide.

  4. The teacher will divide the shapes with Smartboard markers and have the students to discuss what they see as the thinking routine, “What Makes You Say That” is used.

  5. The student will then partition (horizontally, vertically, and diagonally)  three circles,  three squares, and three rectangles into equal halves and fourths. (10 minutes)

  6. The student will sort the shapes as halves and fourths as the teacher uses the thinking routine “What Makes You Say That?” (5 minutes)

  7. The teacher will introduce constructive response activity in which students will be given a choice of sharing a cookie or pizza (5 minutes)

  8. The student will divide the cookie or pizza into halves or fourths and explain how the cookie will be shared. (15 minutes)

  9. The student will work with a partner to match a fractional picture to a given scenario. (5 minutes)

Lesson Closure

The lesson closure will include an “ I Have Who Has” fractions game.

Screen Shot 2015-04-15 at 6.48.38 AM

Click here to download the Fractions Game

 

 

 

 

 

 

Teacher Reflection

Screen Shot 2015-05-11 at 7.29.03 PM

Click on the image to access the video.

 

Assessment

images

 

 

 

Screen Shot 2015-04-15 at 7.34.35 AM

Click on the image to download the assessment

Author Profile:

Stacy Adams

images

Click on the image for the author’s profile

 

 

 

 

 

References:

Ritchhart, R., Church, M., & Morrison, K. (2011). Making Thinking Visible: How to Promote Engagement,  Understanding, and Independence for All Learners. San Francisco, CA:     Jossey-Bass.