Lesson Plan: Cell Project

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Unit Objective

Students will be able to distinguish between the basic structures and functions of plant and animal cells.

Students will compare and contrast the basic structure and functions of plant and animal cells.

Identify the major parts of plant and animal cells such as, the nucleus, cell membrane, cell wall, and cytoplasm.

Lesson Objectives


Bloom’s Verb

Distinguish between the basic structures and functions of plant and animal cells.


Compare and contrast the basic structures and functions of plant and animal cells.


Identify the major parts of plant and animal cells such as, the nucleus, cell membrane, cell wall, and cytoplasm.


Apply a thinking routine “I used to think… but now I think” to demonstrate an understanding of how ideas have changed or evolved.

Orally present the outcome of the learning in the class. Remembering

Bloom’s Taxonomy

Remembering: Identify and describe the major parts of plant and animal cells

Creating: Explain the functions of each of the major components

Applying:  Use a graphic organizer for comparison and contrast

Creating: In a group compose a media presentation which depicts, describes, and explains the roles of the major organelles of plant and animal cells

Applying: Write an essay to compare and contrast the different cell types and describe how your thinking has changed since your participation in this project

Common Core / State and District Standards

  • SPI 0507.1.1 Identify the major parts of plant and animal cells such as, the nucleus, cell membrane, cell wall, and cytoplasm.

  • SPI 0507.1.2 Compare and contrast basic structures and functions of plant and animal cells.

Learning and Innovation Skills (P21.org)


Think Creatively

  • Use a wide range of idea creation techniques (such as brainstorming)

Work Creatively with Others

  • Develop, implement and communicate new ideas to others effectively


Reason Effectively

  • Use various types of reasoning (inductive, deductive, etc.) as appropriate to the situation


Communicate Clearly

  • Articulate thoughts and ideas effectively using oral, written and nonverbal communication skills in a variety of forms and contexts

  • Listen effectively to decipher meaning, including knowledge, values, attitudes and intentions

  • Use communication for a range of purposes (e.g. to inform, instruct, motivate and persuade)

Collaborate with Others

  • Demonstrate ability to work effectively and respectfully with diverse teams

  • Exercise flexibility and willingness to be helpful in making necessary compromises to accomplish a common goal

  • Assume shared responsibility for collaborative work, and value the individual contributions made by each team member

Life and Career Skills (P21.org)


  • Adapt to Change

    • Adapt to varied roles, jobs responsibilities, schedules and contexts • Work effectively in a climate of ambiguity and changing priorities Be Flexible

    • Deal positively with praise, setbacks and criticism


  • Manage Goals and Time

    • Set goals with tangible and intangible success criteria

    • Utilize time and manage workload efficiently

  • Work Independently

    • Monitor, define, prioritize and complete tasks without direct oversight

  • Be Self-directed Learners

    • Go beyond basic mastery of skills and/or curriculum to explore and expand one’s own learning and opportunities to gain expertise


  • Interact Effectively with Others

    • Know when it is appropriate to listen and when to speak

    • Conduct themselves in a respectable, professional manner

  • Work Effectively in Diverse Teams

    • Respect cultural differences and work effectively with people from a range of social and cultural backgrounds

    • Respond open-mindedly to different ideas and values


  • Manage Projects

    • Set and meet goals, even in the face of obstacles and competing pressures

    • Prioritize, plan and manage work to achieve the intended result

  • Produce Results

    • Demonstrate additional attributes associated with producing high quality products including the abilities to:

      • – Work positively and ethically

      • – Manage time and projects effectively

      • – Multi-task

      • – Participate actively, as well as be reliable and punctual

      • – Present oneself professionally and with proper etiquette

      • – Collaborate and cooperate effectively with teams

      • – Respect and appreciate team diversity

      • – Be accountable for results


  • Guide and Lead Others

    • Use interpersonal and problem-solving skills to influence and guide others toward a goal

    • Leverage strengths of others to accomplish a common goal

    • Inspire others to reach their very best via example and selflessness

    • Demonstrate integrity and ethical behavior in using influence and power

  • Be Responsible to Others

    • Act responsibly with the interests of the larger community in min


Information, Media, and Technology Skills (P21.org)


  • Access and Evaluate Information

    • Access information efficiently (time) and effectively (sources)

    • Evaluate information critically and competently Use and Manage Information

    • Use information accurately and creatively for the issue or problem at hand

    • Manage the flow of information from a wide variety of sources


  • Create Media Products

    • Understand and utilize the most appropriate media creation tools, characteristics and conventions

ICT (Information, Communications and Technology) LITERACY

  • Apply Technology Effectively

    • Use technology as a tool to research, organize, evaluate and communicate information

    • Use digital technologies (computers, PDAs, media players, GPS, etc.), communication/networking tools and social networks appropriately to access, manage, integrate, evaluate and create information to successfully function in a knowledge economy.

Lesson – Introduction


Lesson Activities and Procedures

Student Procedure

Teacher Procedure



Lesson Closure




Student Work Example


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Rick Stearnes


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